2 Who needs circularity in design? Its value and potential
The article describes the role of design process in introducing the objectives of circular economy. It indicates the potential and value the transformation of linear design into circular design holds for designers. The aim is to provide practical tips in reference to available methodology, tools and strategies applicable to design process. In parallel, the article points to the case studies presenting such applications. It gives advice regarding selected approaches and steps to be implemented in design practice.
Particular attention is paid to the subjects of waste and pollution reduction, as well as to closing circulation in order to maintain values. The examples of such practical operations include: material swap, using waste as source of material, designing durable and repairable products as well as services and technological solutions supporting the implementation of circular economy objectives. At the same time, the article provides recommendations regarding the step-by-step systems thinking in design process as a foundation for identification and design of products and services using the potential of circularity.
It is addressed to persons familiar with the approach of designing for circular economy and gives detailed tips indicating the potential of applying intermediate changes to design process. The introduction and examples such as material swap are addressed, in turn, to everybody regardless of their experience with circular design and present its objectives in an accessible way.
Keywords: circular design, circular economy, sustainable design