3 Prototyping the city
This article looks into tactical design in the urban public space. It refers to the growing popularity of this method related to the pandemic and the necessity of introducing instant changes in the public space in order to adjust it to the new needs and challenges. The presented examples include the Slow Streets programme, executed by the Oakland authorities, the pilot programme Children Priority Zone in the capital of Columbia, temporary playgrounds designed by Gehl Studio and temporary urban activity squares in Warsaw. Moreover, the article describes the design process behind the development of urban platforms in the sub-Paris district La Defense, which assumed the preliminary testing of solutions by means of tactical design methods. Additionally, it looks into urban spaces from the perspective of L’entretien e(s)t architecture exhibition, presenting the point of view of the workers maintaining urban squares, parks and streets. This aspect is often neglected and therefore particularly interesting, as clearly indicated by the exhibition at the 10th Biennale Internationale Design Saint-Étienne in 2017.
Keywords: public space, sustainable design, tactical design, urban furniture, urban space